Babl FE, Curtis N, Dalziel SR. Review article: A primer for clinical researchers in the emergency department: Part VII. Considering a research higher degree in emergency medicine: How does it work, where to start, what to consider.  Emerg Med Australas. Feb;31(1):4-10, 2019 doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.13213. Epub 2018 Dec 11. [link].

Gray CS, Powell CVE, Babl FE, Dalziel SR, Craig S; PREDICT (Paediatric Research In Emergency Departments International Collaborative) Research Network. Variability of outcome measures in trials of intravenous therapy in acute severe paediatric asthma: a systematic review.  Emerg Med J. 2018 Nov 27. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2018-207929. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

Babl FE, Pfeiffer H, Dalziel SR, Oakley E, Anderson V, Borland ML, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Cheek JA, Gilhotra Y, Furyk J, Neutze J, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Donath S, Hearps SJ, Crowe L; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Paediatric intentional head injuries in the emergency department: A multicentre prospective cohort study. Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Nov 26. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.13202. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

Dalziel K, Cheek JA, Fanning L, Borland ML, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Furyk J, Neutze J, Dalziel SR, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Donath S, Molesworth C, Hearps SJC, Oakley E, Babl FE; Pediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Comparing Clinical Decision Rules PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE With Usual Care for the Management of Pediatric Head Injury. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Nov 14. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.09.030. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

Stoner MJ, Mahajan P, Bressan S, Lam SHF, Chumpitazi CE, Kornblith AE, Linakis SW, Roland D, Freedman SB, Nigrovic LE, Denninghoff K, Ishimine P, Kuppermann N. Pediatric Emergency Care Research Networks: A Research Agenda.  Acad Emerg Med. 2018 Nov 4. doi: 10.1111/acem.13656. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

Long E, Oakley E, Babl FE, Duke T; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT).The Clinical Utility of Respiratory Variation in Inferior Vena Cava Diameter for Predicting Fluid Responsiveness in Spontaneously Ventilating Patients. Shock. 2018 49(2): 236-237. doi:10.1097/SHK.0000000000000951. PMID:28727606  Letters to Editor

Babl FE, Oakley E, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Dalziel SR; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Sep;72(3):325-326. doi:10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.04.006.  PMID:30144871 [PubMed – in process].  In Reply.

Babl FE, Oakley E, Dalziel SR, Borland ML, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Cheek JA, Gilhotra Y, Furyk J, Neutze J, Donath S, Hearps S, Crowe LM, Arpone M, Bressan S, Lyttle MD; Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative (PREDICT). Accuracy of NEXUS II head injury decision rule in children: a prospective PREDICT cohort study, Emerg Med J. 2018 Aug 20. pii: emermed-2017-207435. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-207435. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30144871 [link]

Haskell L, Tavender EJ, Wilson C, O’Brien S, Babl FE, Borland ML, Cotterell L, Schuster T, Orsini F, Sheridan N, Johnson D, Oakley E, Dalziel SR; on behalf of PREDICT.  Implementing evidence-based practices in the care of infants with bronchiolitis in Australasian acute care settings: study protocol for a cluster randomised controlled study. BMC Pediatr. 2018 Jul 6;18(1):218. doi: 10.1186/s12887-018-1187-7. [link]

Oakley E, Brys T, Borland M, Neutze J, Phillips N, Krieser D, Dalziel SR, Davidson A, Donath S, Jachno K, South M, Williams A, Babl FE; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Medication use in infants admitted with bronchiolitis. Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Jun;30(3):389-397. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12968. Epub 2018 Mar 23. [link]

Hoysted C, Babl FE, Kassam-Adams N, Landolt MA, Jobson L, Van Der Westhuizen C, Curtis S, Kharbanda AB, Lyttle MD, Parri N, Stanley R, Alisic E. Knowledge and training in paediatric medical traumatic stress and trauma-informed care among emergency medical professionals in low- and middle-income countries. Eur J Psychotraumatol. 2018 May 8;9(1):1468703. Doi:10.1080/20008198.2018.1468703. eCollection 2018. [link]

Borland M, Dalziel SR, Phillips N, Dalton S, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Oakley E, Hearps SJC, Kochar A, Furyk J, Cheek JA, Neutze J, Babl FE; Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative group (PREDICT). Vomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain Injury. Pediatrics. 2018 Apr;141(4). pii: e20173123. doi: 10.1542/peds.2017-3123. [link]

Pfeiffer H, Crowe L, Kemp AM, Cowley LE, Smith AS, Babl FE; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Clinical prediction rules for abusive head trauma: a systematic review. Arch Dis Child. 2018 Apr 5. pii: archdischild-2017-313748. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313748. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

Craig S, Graudins A, Dalziel SR, Powell CV, Babl FE. Review article: A primer for clinical researchers in the emergency department: Part 6. Measuring what matters: Core outcome sets in emergency medicine research. Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Apr 2. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12970. [Epub ahead of print] [link].

Babl FE, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Borland ML, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Cheek JA, Gilhotra Y, Furyk J, Neutze J, Donath S, Hearps S, Arpone M, Crowe L, Dalziel SR, Barker R, Oakley E. Penetrating head injuries in children presenting to the emergency department in Australia and New Zealand: A PREDICT prospective study. J Paediatr Child Health. 2018 Mar 26. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13903. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 29579354 [link].

Oakley E, Brys T, Borland M, Neutze J, Phillips N, Krieser D2, Dalziel SR, Davidson A, Donath S, Jachno K, South M, Williams A, Babl FE; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Medication use in infants admitted with bronchiolitis. Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Mar 23. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12968. [Epub ahead of print] [link].

Franklin D, Babl F, Schlapbach L. J., Oakely E, Craig S, Neutze J, Furyk J, Fraser J, Jones M, Whitty J A., Dalziel S.R, and Schibler A,  A Randomized Trial of High-Flow Oxygen Therapy in Infants with Bronchiolitis, NEJM, (2018) 378 (12), 1121 – 31. [link].

Long E, Babl FE, Oakley E, Sheridan B, Duke T; Pediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Cardiac Index Changes With Fluid Bolus Therapy in Children With Sepsis-An Observational Study. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2018 Mar 10. doi: 10.1097/PCC.0000000000001534. [Epub ahead of print] [link].

Long E, Duke T, Oakley E, O’Brien A, Sheridan B, Babl FE; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT). Does respiratory variation of inferior vena cava diameter predict fluid responsiveness in spontaneously ventilating children with sepsis. Emerg Med Australas. 2018 Mar 8. doi: 10.1111/1742-6723.12948. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

O’Brien S, Wilson S, Gill FJ, Cotterell E, Borland ML, Oakley E, Dalziel SR; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) network, Australasia. The management of children with bronchiolitis in the Australasian hospital setting: development of a clinical practice guideline. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 Feb 12;18(1):22. doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0478-x [PubMed – in process] Free PMC Article [link].

Furyk J, Ray R, Watt K, Dalziel SR, Oakely E, Mackay M, Dabscheck G, Riney K, Babl FE, A PREDICT study. Consensus research priorities for paediatric status epilepticus: A Delphi study of health consumers, researchers and clinicians. Seizure. 2018 Feb 5;56:104-109. doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2018.01.025. [Epub ahead of print] [link]

O’Brien S, Wilson S, Gill FJ, Cotterell E, Borland ML, Oakley E, Dalziel SR; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) network, Australasia.  The management of children with bronchiolitis in the Australasian hospital setting: development of a clinical practice guideline. BMC Med Res Methodol. 2018 Feb 12;18(1):22. doi: 10.1186/s12874-018-0478-x. [link]

Manguy AM, Joubert L, Oakley E, Gordon R. Psychosocial Care Models for Families of Critically Ill Children in Pediatric Emergency Department Settings: A Scoping Review. J Pediatr Nurs. 2018 Jan – Feb;38:46-52. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2017.10.014. Epub 2017 Oct 26 [link]

Babl FE, Oakley E, Dalziel SR, Borland ML, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Cheek JA, Gilhotra Y, Furyk J, Neutze J, Donath S, Hearps S, Molesworth C, Crowe L, Bressan S, Lyttle MD. Accuracy of Clinician Practice Compared With Three Head Injury Decision Rules in Children: A Prospective Cohort Study. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Feb 13. pii: S0196-0644(18)30028-3. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.01.015. [Epub ahead of print] [link].

Crowe LM, Hearps S, Anderson V, Borland M, Phillips N, Kochar A, Dalton S, Cheek JA, Gilhotra Y, Furyk J, Neutze J, Lyttle MD, Bressan S, Donath S, Molesworth C, Oakley E, Dalziel SR, Babl FE. Investigating the variability in mild traumatic brain injury definitions: a prospective cohort study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2018 Jan 30. pii: S0003-9993(18)30042-X. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2017.12.026. [Epub ahead of print] [link].

Daverio M, Babl FE, Barker R, Gregori D, Da Dalt L, Bressan S, Paediatric Research in Emergency Department International Collaborative (PREDICT) group. Helmet use in preventing acute concussive symptoms in recreational vehicle related head trauma.  Brain Inj., 2018;32(3):335-341. doi:10.1080/02699052.2018.1426107. Epub 2018 Jan 22. [link].

2018 Presentations (conference proceedings, posters, published abstracts)

Haskell L, Tavender EJ, Wilson C, O’Brien S, Borland ML, Cotterell L, Babl F, Sheridan N, Oakley E, Dalziel SR, for PREDICT. “Improving the management of infants with bronchiolitis: developing tailored research translation interventions for a cluster randomised controlled trial“, The 7th Annual NHMRC Symposium on Research Translation, 27-28 November 2018, University of Sydney. More information

Aims: To present a theory driven approach to the design of tailored research translation interventions in the paediatric acute care setting.

Methods: Interventions were developed using a 3 stepped approach: 1) qualitative interviews were undertaken with emergency and paediatric inpatient clinicians in Australia and New Zealand using the Theoretical Domains Framework to identify factors influencing bronchiolitis management; 2) mapping of behavior change techniques to identified key influencing factors and 3) development of research translation interventions based on evidence of effectiveness of change strategies and feasibility.

Results: We will discuss the principles and realities of intervention development.  This intervention is currently being evaluated as part of a large Australasian cRCT in 26 hospitals including emergency departments and paediatric inpatient areas.

Conclusion: Results will add to the body of evidence around development and effectiveness of tailored interventions in general, and the paediatric acute care setting specifically.

O’Brien S, Wilson S, Gill FJ, Cotterell E, Borland ML, Oakley E, Dalziel SR; Paediatric Research in Emergency Departments International Collaborative (PREDICT) network, Australasia. The management of children with bronchiolitis in the Australasian hospital setting:  Development of a clinical practice guideline” ACCYPN conference, 24-26 October 2018, Perth Children’s Hospital, WA. More information

Aims: A high-quality, evidence based, and consensus led guideline was developed for the management of bronchiolitis in infants presenting to or admitted into hospital, in order to align and potentially improve consistency of Australasian practice and the health outcomes for these infants.

Methods: The guideline was developed using a process adapted from the nine steps recommended by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) and the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology (GRADE) methodology.  Formulation and drafting of the Guideline included identification and drafting of PICOt questions, a systematic literature search and, review and grading of evidence by the NHMRC process and GRADE methodology.  Consensus with the Guideline Development Group was sought using nominal group technique (NGT) principles to formulate the clinical practice recommendations and practice points.  Key paediatric health professional bodies were consulted and reviewed the Guideline to ensure it was relevant to management of bronchiolitis in the Australasian emergency and ward setting.

Results: The final guideline consists of a useable clinical interface for bed-side functionality (including flow diagrams and tables of key points for example) with a descriptive summary of the evidence base and evidence tables (NHMRC and GRADE) appendices for each key statement.

Conclusion: The development of this evidence-based clinical guideline was a complex process.   The involvement of stakeholders who are ultimately the end users, provided valuable clinical knowledge however did present challenges, with committee members located over 2 countries and 5 time zones and with variable baseline knowledge of evidence grading.

Dalziel SR. “The bronchiolitis story – from RCTs to guidelines and knowledge translation”.  Australasian College of Emergency Medicine Annual Scientific meeting (ACEM), 18-22 November 2018, Perth Australia, 

Dalziel SR. “Phenytoin vs. levetiracetam – ConSEPT: Convulsive Status Epilepticus Paediatric Trial”. Australasian College of Emergency Medicine Annual Scientific meeting (ACEM), 18-22 November 2018, Perth Australia, 

Dalziel SR. “Epinephrine and dexamethasone for bronchiolitis”. Australasian College of Emergency Medicine Annual Scientific meeting (ACEM), 18-22 November 2018, Perth Australia, 

Dalziel SR. “Status epilepticus and second line management”. Paediatric Society of New Zealand Annual Scientific meeting, 7-9 November 2018, Nelson, New Zealand. 

Dalziel SR. “Bronchiolitis an update”. Paediatric Society of New Zealand Annual Scientific meeting, 7-9 November 2018, Nelson, New Zealand. 

Dalziel SR. “The research pipeline”. Paediatric Acute Care Conference, 19-21 September 2018, Hobart, Australia. 

Dalziel SR. “Status Epilepticus: Which second line agent is best?”. Paediatric Acute Care Conference, 19-21 September 2018, Hobart, Australia.

Dalziel SR. “ConSEPT”. Don’t Forget the Bubbles, Melbourne, Australia. 2018

Dalziel SR. “Paediatric burns”. International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM) 7-9 June 2018, Mexico City, Mexico

Dalziel SR. “Paediatric analgesia and sedation”. International Conference on Emergency Medicine (ICEM) 7-9 June 2018, Mexico City, Mexico

Dalziel SR, Erickson S, Park M, Gillett E. “Acute respiratory failure”. NZ Regional ANZICS Annual Scientific meeting, 4-6 April 2018, Auckland, New Zealand.